What is Counselling?
Counselling psychology is a psychological specialty.
It is a general practice.
- and organizational concerns.
Through the integration of theory, research, and practice, and with a sensitivity to multicultural issues, this specialty encompasses a broad range of practices that help people improve their well-being, alleviate distress and maladjustment, resolve crises, and increase their ability to live more highly functioning lives.
Counselling is unique in its attention both to normal developmental issues and to problems associated with physical, emotional, and mental disorders. Populations served by Counselling Psychologists include persons of all ages and cultural backgrounds.
Purpose and goals of counselling
The main objective of counselling is to bring about a voluntary change in the client. For this purpose, the counsellor provides facilities to help achieve the desired change or make the suitable choice.
The goal of counselling is to help individuals overcome their immediate problems and also to equip them to meet future problems.
Counselling, to be meaningful has to be specific for each client since it involves his unique problems and expectations. The goals of counselling may be described as immediate, long-range, and process goals. A statement of goals is not only important but also necessary, for it provides a sense of direction and purpose. Additionally, it is necessary for a meaningful evaluation of the usefulness of it.
The counsellor has the goal of understanding the behaviour, motivations, and feelings of the counselee. The counsellor has the goals are not limited to understanding his/her clients. He has different goals at different levels of functioning. The immediate goal is to obtain relief for the client and the long-range goal is to make him/her ‘a fully functioning person’. Both the immediate and long- term goals are secured through what are known as mediate or process goals.
Specific counselling goals are unique to each client and involve a consideration of the client’s expectations as well as the environmental aspects. Apart from the specific goals, there are two categories of goals which are common to most counselling situations. These are identified as long-range and process goals. The latter have great significance. They shape the counselee and counsellors’ interrelations and behaviour. The process goals comprise facilitating procedures for enhancing the effectiveness of counselling
Counselling is for the old and young, married and single.